About Pharm. D. Post Baccalaureate course
Pharm. D. Post Baccalaureate course (Doctor of Pharmacy) is a course in Pharmacy which was approved by Govt. of India in the year 2008 with Pharmacy Council of India being the apex body governing it. Pharm. D. Post Baccalaureate course was developed with an objective of developing pharmacists to play an important role in patient care as members of the health care team. Pharm. D. Post Baccalaureate course is a three years program including two years study and one year internship in the hospital.
Role of Pharm D
At the end of the Pharm. D. Post Baccalaureate course, the clinical pharmacists develop and acquire competencies (knowledge, skill and attitude) to provide pharmaceutical care services, drug and poison information services, patient counseling, identify drug-drug interactions, monitor adverse drug reactions, carry out therapeutic drug monitoring, help in drug dosage adjustment in special population and renal/hepatic patients, assist/co-ordinate in the conduct of clinical trials, promote rational use of medicines and ultimately contribute to better patient care.
There is a huge need of Pharm. D. Post Baccalaureate course in a country like India where there are huge drug related problems, irrational drug use and non-compliance to therapy among patients suffering from various chronic diseases Pharmaceutical Care by a physician along with the technical expertise of clinical Pharmacist is the ultimate and best way of achieving better patient care.
These professionals write information related to healthcare, the medical profession and medical science in general for industry professionals, as well as general audiences. Not everyone has the skill set required to do this type of work and Pharm D graduates are ideally suited for these lucrative jobs.
Hospitals and Healthcare Centres
As society’s health care needs have changed and expanded, there has been an increased emphasis on provision of care through drug information and poison information and Pharmacovigilance activities. Pharm. D. Post Baccalaureate course graduates will find placement in hospitals as Drug Information Pharmacist or Clinical Pharmacist providing pharmaceutical care.
With a large number of Pharmaceutical companies opting for clinical trials the industry is heading towards a business worth 1.4 billion by way of clinical trials. Pharm. D. Post Baccalaureate course graduates here have a scope to work as clinical research associates and data managers.
Community Pharmacy and Consultant Pharmacists
Pharmacists can serve patients and the community by providing information and advice on health, providing medications and associated services, and by referring patients to other sources of help and care, such as physicians, when necessary. Likewise, advances in the use of computers in pharmacy practice now allow pharmacists to spend more time educating patients and maintaining and monitoring patient records. Pharm. D. Post Baccalaureate course graduates have opportunities to be entrepreneurs by starting their own community pharmacy.
As faculty members work in pharmacy colleges involved in teaching, research, public service, and patient care.
Pharmacovigilance and Drug Safety
There is no shortage of jobs in this field as high-quality pharmacovigilance practice makes for good business
dealing. Students in this field can get jobs in various pharmaceutical companies and earn attractive and
handsome salary packages.
ELIGIBILITY FOR ADMISSION TO THE COURSE
Pass in B.Pharm from PCI approved institution
DURATION OF THE COURSE
The duration of the course shall be three academic years (two years of study and one year of internship or residency) full time with each academic year spread over a period of not less than two hundred working days. The period of three years duration is divided into two phases:
Phase I : consisting of First and Second, academic year.
Phase II : consisting of internship or residency training during third year involving posting in speciality units. It is a phase of training wherein a student is exposed to actual pharmacy practice or clinical pharmacy services and acquires skill under supervision so that he or she may become capable of functioning independently.
A candidate is required to put in atleast 80% attendance in theory and practical subjects separately. The candidates should complete the prescribed course satisfactorily to be eligible to appear for the examination. 75% attendance is compulsory to be eligible to take up sessional examination.
MEDIUM OF INSTRUCTION
Medium of instruction will be English
COURSE OF STUDY
The course of study for Pharm. D. Post Baccalaureate course shall include the subjects as given below.
First year :
- Hospital Pharmacy
- Clinical Pharmacy
- Biostatistics & Research Methodology
- Biopharmaceutics & Pharmacokinetics
- Clinical Toxicology
Second year :
- Clinical Research
- Pharmacoepidemiology and Pharmacoeconomics
- Pharmacognosy & Phytopharmaceuticals
- Clerkship *
- Project work (Six Months)
* Attending ward rounds on daily basis.
Third Year :
Internship or residency training including postings in specialty units. Student should independently provide the clinical pharmacy services under supervision of a preceptor to the allotted wards.
- Six months in General Medicine department, and
- Two months each in three other speciality departments
INTERNAL ASSESSMENT MARKS
Three sessional examinations (evenly spaced) will be conducted during the academic year. The average marks of best two examinations shall be computed out of a maximum of 30 marks and will constitute the sessional award in theory. Further, the college may conduct one special theory sessional examination towards the end of the academic session for those who might have missed any one of the regular sessional examinations on genuine grounds. For special theory examination, the portion prescribed shall be entire syllabus of the subject.
Students are expected to perform the number of experiments listed in respective syllabi. Marks will be awarded out of a maximum of 20 to each of the practical exercise and 10 marks are allotted to viva and record work. A total of these shall be computed out of a maximum of 30 marks. This will constitute the sessional award in practical. While awarding the sessional marks for practical experiments, following consideration will be taken into account.
- Preparedness of the candidate
- Technical skills
- Results of the experiment
- Knowledge of the experiments
- Viva Voce
A regular record of both theory and practical class work and sessional examinations conducted will be maintained for each student in the institution.
- Every year there shall be an examination to examine the students.
- Each examination may be held twice every year. The first examination in a year shall be the annual examination and the second examination shall be supplementary examination.
- The examinations shall be of written and practical (including oral nature) carrying maximum marks for each part of a subject.
- Only such students who undergo the course of study by attending not less than 80% of the classes held both in theory and in practical separately in each subject shall be eligible for appearing examination.
MODE OF EXAMINATION
- Theory examination shall be of three hours and practical examination shall be of four hours duration.
- A student who fails in theory or practical examination of a subject shall re-appear both in theory and practical of the same subject.
- Practical examination shall also consist of a viva–voce (Oral) examination. Clerkship examination– Oral examination shall be conducted after the completion of clerkship of students. An external and an internal examiner will evaluate the student. Students may be asked to present the allotted medical cases followed by discussion. Students’ capabilities in delivering clinical pharmacy services, pharmaceutical care planning and knowledge of therapeutics shall be assessed.
Award of sessional marks and maintenance of records :
30 marks for each theory and 30 marks for each practical subject shall be allotted as sessional marks. The sessional marks in practicals shall be allotted on the following basis :-
- Actual performance in the sessional examination (20 marks);
- Day to day assessment in the practical class work, promptness, viva-voce record maintenance, etc.
CRITERIA FOR PASS
A student shall not be declared to have passed examination unless he or she secures at least 50% marks in each of the subjects separately in the theory examinations, including sessional marks and at least 50% marks in each of the practical examinations including sessional marks. The students securing 60% marks or above in aggregate in all subjects in a single attempt at the Pharm D. or as the case may be, Pharm D. (Post Baccalaureate) course examination shall be declared to have passed in first class. Students securing 75% marks or above in any subject or subjects shall be declared to have passed with distinction in the subject or those subjects provided he or she passes in all the subjects in a single attempt.
ELIGIBILITY FOR PROMOTION TO NEXT YEAR :
All students who have appeared for all the subjects and passed the first year annual examination are eligible for promotion to the second year and, so on. However, failure in more than two subjects shall debar him or her from promotion to the next year classes.
Internship is a phase of training wherein a student is expected to conduct actual practice of pharmacy and health
care and acquires skills under the supervision so that he or she may become capable of functioning independently.
CERTIFICATE OF PASSING EXAMINATION :
Every student has to undergo one year internship as per the regulations.
Every student who has passed the examinations for the Pharm. D. Post Baccalaureate course (Doctor of Pharmacy) shall be granted a certificate by Rajiv Gandhi University of Health Sciences, Bangalore.
a. Hospital Posting :
Each student will be posted in the hospital for a period of not less than 50 hours to be covered in not less than 200 working days in each of second, third & fourth year course. Each student shall submit report duly certified by the preceptor and duly attested by the Head of the Department or Institution as prescribed. In the fifth year, every student shall spend half a day in the morning hours attending ward rounds on daily basis as a part of clerkship. Theory teaching may be scheduled in the afternoon.
b. Project Work :
To allow the student to develop data collection and reporting skills in the area of community, hospital and clinical pharmacy, a project work shall be carried out under the supervision of a teacher. The project topic must be approved by the Head of the Department or Head of the Institution. The same shall be announced to students within one month of commencement of the fifth year classes. Project work shall be presented in a written report and as a seminar at the end of the year. External and the internal examiners shall do the assessment of the project work.
Project work shall comprise of objectives of the work, methodology, results, discussions and conclusions.
c. Objectives of Project Work :
The main objectives of the project work is to
- Show the evidence of having made accurate description of published work of others and of having recorded the findings in an impartial manner; and
- Develop the students in data collection, analysis and reporting and interpretation skills.
d. Methodology :
To complete the project work following methodology shall be adopted, namely:
- Students shall work in groups of not less than two and not more than four under an authorize teacher;
- Project topic shall be approved by the Head of the Department or Head of the Institution;
- Project work chosen shall be related to the pharmacy practice in community, hospital and clinical setup. It shall be patient and treatment (Medicine) oriented, like drugutilization reviews, pharmacoepidemiology, pharmacovigilance or pharmacoeconomics;
- Project work shall be approved by the institutional ethics committee;
- Student shall present at least three seminars, one in the beginning, one at middle and one at the end of the project work; and
- Two-page write-up of the project indicating title, objectives, methodology anticipated benefits and references shall be submitted to the Head of the Department or Head of the Institution.
Student working on the project shall submit jointly to the Head of the Department or Head of the Institution a project report of about 40-50 pages. Project report should include a certificate issued by the authorized teacher, Head of the Department as well as by the Head of the Institution
Project report shall be computer typed in double space using Times Roman font on A4 paper. The title shall be in bold with font size 18, sub-tiles in bold with font size 14 and the text with font size 12. The cover page of the project report shall contain details about the name of the student and the name of the authorized teacher with font size 14.
Submission of the project report shall be done at least one month prior to the commencement of annual or supplementary examination.
The following methodology shall be adopted for evaluating the project work
- Project work shall be evaluated by internal and external examiners.
- Students shall be evaluated in groups for four hours (i.e., about half an hour for a group of four students).
- Three seminars presented by students shall be evaluated for twenty marks each and the average of
best two shall be forwarded to the university with marks of other subjects.
Evaluation shall be done on the following items: Marks a) Write up of the seminar (7.5) b) Presentation of work (7.5) c) Communication skills (7.5) d) Question and answer skills (7.5) Total (30 marks)
Final evaluation of project work shall be done on the following items Marks a) Write up of the seminar (17.5) b) Presentation of work (17.5) c) Communication skills (17.5) d) Question and answer skills (17.5) Total (70 marks)
For the purposes of differentiation in the evaluation in case of topic being the same for the group of students, the same shall be done based on item numbers b, c and d mentioned above.
Improvement of Sessional Marks
Candidates who wish to improve the sessional marks (theory only) can do so by appearing in the re-internal assessment examination/s conducted. The average marks of the best two of the three such examinations will be forwarded to the University. If in the reinternal examination the performance is not better than his/her previous regular sessional examination/s, then, only the marks of the regular sessional examination/s will be forwarded to the University.
Class will be awarded at end of Final year of B Pharm examination by the University as shown below
|1) Distinction||75% and above|
|2) First Class||60% and above|
|3) Second Class||50% and above and less than 60%|
Award of Degree
Degree will be awarded by the university during the ensuing convocation for successful candidates.
Award of the Ranks
Ranks and medals will be awarded by the University on the aggregate of all the Two examinations in case of Pharm. D. Post Baccalaureate course as per RGUHS, Karnataka, norms.
Other Pharmacy courses
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